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Mariana Zerpa, KULeuven Print
Friday, 23 March 2018, 12:15 - 13:15

Mariana Zerpa, KULeuven

Preschool Education and Child Development and Health: Evidence from State Pre-K Programs
 
Abstract: This paper analyzes the effects of attending state pre-kindergarten programs in on child development and health up to eight years after preschool age. Using data from the National Health Interview Survey, the Current Population Survey, state legislature and other sources, I leverage the variation in the timing of implementation of pre-K programs across states to look at the effects of a large and representative group of state pre-K programs. The intent-to-treat estimates indicate that the developmental outcomes of children who live in states that had pre-K programs when they were 4 years old are improved up to four years after preschool age. However, I also find that they have increased health problems in the short-term. The effect of this group of pre-K expansions on preschool enrollment rates is close to 8 percentage points but I find suggestive evidence of substantial crowding-out effects, especially in states with universal programs. I use two alternative ways of approximating treatment-on-the-treated effects, and find that my results imply large effects on both developmental and health outcomes. 

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