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Maleke Fourati, UNIGE Print
Tuesday, 06 November 2018, 14:00 - 15:15

Maleke Fourati, UNIGE

Does immigration affect Muslim behaviour? Experimental evidence comparing Lebanese immigrants and Lebanese natives

Abstract : This paper aims to investigate whether religion or social environment influences the distinct behaviour exhibited by Muslim immigrants in Western destination countries, especially towards the poor and women. We test this by conducting a prisoner's dilemma and a dictator game with the Lebanese population in Australia (destination country) and the Lebanese population in Lebanon (native country). In both countries, we compare Lebanese Muslims to Lebanese Christians to best estimate the marginal effect of being Muslim. Lebanese Christians serve as the most suitable counterfactual to Lebanese Muslims as both religious communities are comparable in all aspects but religion. We are able to remove the effects of the economic institutions of country of ancestry and hold constant all other factors such as ethnolinguistic groupings and culture. We find that in Lebanon, Muslims and Christians behave in a similar fashion, while in Australia, when compared to Christians, Muslims display more pro-social behaviour towards the poor and that this effect is stronger when the poor recipient is female. We suspect that differing levels of religiosity and social capital between these two religious groups in Australia may explain these findings.

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