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Augustin Tapsoba, UAB Print
Friday, 12 October 2018, 12:15 - 13:15

ENTER Seminar 

Augustin Tapsoba, UAB

Violence Risk and Child Health: Evidence from Ivory Coast

Abstract : The fear of exposure to violence can trigger major risk coping behaviors even before/without the event of any actual violence in a given area. This generates a treatment status (exposure to adverse effects of conflict) that goes beyond direct exposure to violence and requires new metrics that can capture such behavioral responses to insecurity. This paper proposes a statistical approach for this purpose. Violence is modeled as a space-time point process with an unknown underlying distribution that drives the expectations of agents on the ground. Each observed event is a random realization of the process and its underlying distribution can be estimated from a representative sample of events in space and time using adaptive kernel density estimation methods. This new approach is then used to document the effects of conflicts in Ivory Coast and Uganda on child health. The empirical evidence suggests that conflict is a local public bad, with cohorts of children exposed to high risk of violence equally suffering major health setbacks even when the risk does not materialize in observed violence on the ground. 

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