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Stefania Marcassa, Cergy Pontoise Print
Friday, 02 March 2012, 12:15 - 13:15

Stefania Marcassa, Université de Cergy Pontoise

Taxation and Labor Force Participation: The Case of Italy

Abstract: Italy has the lowest labor force participation of women among OECD countries. Moreover, the participation rate of married women is positively correlated to their husbands' income. We show that a high tax schedule together with tax credits and transfers raise the burden of two-earner households, generating disincentives to work. We estimate a structural labor supply model for women, and use the estimated parameters to simulate the effects of alternative revenue-neutral tax systems. We find that joint taxation implies a drop in the participation rate. Conversely, working tax credit and gender-based taxation boost it, with the effects of the former concentrated on low educated women.

 

Location: R42.2.113
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